Ovarian cancer is a disease where some of the cells in one or both ovaries start to grown abnormally and develop into cancer. The ovaries are two small organs that form part of the female reproductive system, so this type of cancer only affects women and girls. You can find more information about ovaries on this page from Ovarian Cancer Australia.
The article also offers information about the four main types of ovarian cancer:
- Epithelial ovarian cancer begins in the epithelium, the outer cells that cover the ovary.
- Borderline tumours are a group of epithelial tumours which are not as aggressive as other epithelial tumours. Borderline tumours may also be called ‘low malignant potential’ or LMPO tumours.
- Germ cell ovarian cancer begins in the cells that mature into eggs.
- Sex-cord stromal cell cancer begins in the ovary cells that release female hormones.
You can find out more about the symptoms of ovarian cancer in this article from Chicago Health Online. Ovarian Cancer Australia also have information about symptoms of ovarian cancer here. This article also details the different tests which are used to diagnose ovarian cancer, and these may include:
- Physical examination.
- Blood tests
- Other imaging tests